Differences Between a Resume and a Curriculum Vitae
Whenever you’re applying for a job, one of the most common things you will be required to submit is your Curriculum Vitae. However sometimes you may be asked to submit your resume. Whereas both are used in job applications, they are not interchangeable because they differ in three main ways:
A CV is usually longer than a resume. A CV is more detailed and for this reason, it’s often more than two pages long. The CV is longer because it contains your work experiences, educational background, publications, awards, research among other things. A resume on the other hand is brief and usually takes up less than two pages. Your potential employer may even ask you to submit a one page or two page resume. It need only contain your relevant qualifications that match the requirements of the position you found during your job search.
Your CV has to be arranged chronologically, from your most recent job down to your first job. You should do the same for your education and other qualifications. On the other hand, a resume doesn’t have to be chronological. You can arrange it chronologically, there’s no rule against that but you’re a liberty to arrange it depending on function, for example, you can place similar job experiences in one section. You can even combine the two and have those functions arranged chronologically.
Resumes have to be tailored to a specific job you’re applying for. This means that if you’ve worked in several different fields, you only need to include skills and qualifications relevant to the job you’re applying for. Your CV on the other hand contains all the information about your entire career. You can put all your different job experiences in your CV because it spans your entire career.
Your resume is dynamic whereas you CV is static. Since you tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for, your resume changes for every job you apply for. Your CV on the other hand only needs to be updated once you have a new qualification to add to it. This means, you can forward the same CV for different job applications.
CV’s are more common here in the UK, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia whereas in the United States, the CV is only used in the fields of medicine and academia. For example, for research, education or scientific positions.
The Curriculum Vitae and the resume differ in several ways, but to simplify, a resume is a derivative of your CV so whenever you see a job ad with specific requirements, you can take out the relevant skills and qualifications from your CV and use them to write a resume for that job.
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